What is Fecal Microbiota Transplantation?
- Posted on: Jan 21 2015
Do you know what is quick, inexpensive, low-risk, and has a 90 percent cure rate? Fecal microbiota transplantation! Otherwise known as FMT, fecal microbiota transplantation is when a healthy stool is taken from a tested donor, and then inserted into an ill person in order to cure their gastrointestinal disease; yes it sounds yucky, but it’s saved lives and has drastically improved the quality of life for many people!
FMT has worked miracles for those who are suffering from Clostridium Difficile, and is being studied for Crohn’s disease, IBS, ulcerative colitis, as well as other digestive and auto-immune diseases. Recently new research has discovered that the microbes in the gut are linked to mental disorders such as anxiety and depression, and may also play a role in conditions such as autoimmune disorders, allergies, and obesity. Gut microbes are very important, as people have a universe of microbes within them, as for every one of our cells we are hosts to ten microbial ones! In fact, your digestive tract plays host to hundred trillion fungi, viruses, bacteria, and other tiny creatures. FMT has been rising in demand due to the many reports of recoveries of debilitating ailments by patients who have received these bacteria infusions. The procedure is relatively simple and quick, as the healthy stool taken from the donor, mixed with a saline solution and then strained; this end solution is then placed into the patient via enema, endoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, or by a colonoscopy. The purpose of FMT is to replenish the good bacteria that has been suppressed or killed off by; in some cases, antibiotics are the culprit, and when the good bacteria are killed off, this can cause potentially fatal bacteria to form (Clostridium Difficile) and over-populate the colon. Clostridium Difficile is a very serious disease which can be reoccurring, but fortunately for those suffering, FMT’s success rate for treating recurrent C. diff has been well over 90%.
While this procedure is not entirely new, as it originally dates back to 4th century China, in all of its documented use there has never been a single serious side effect reported from fecal transplants. In fact, FMT has made human excrement a precious commodity! Biotech companies are now putting stool-based therapies through clinical trials and on the market, and even the Cleveland Clinic has named fecal transplantation one of the top ten medical innovations! If you are living in the NYC metro area and are interested in fecal transplantation, click here for more information.
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